135. Madhi SA, Wals PD, Grijalva CG, Grimwood K, Grossman R, Ishiwada N, Lee PI, Nascimento-Carvalho C, Nohynek H, O'Brien KL, Vergison A, Wolter J. The Burden of Childhood Pneumonia in the Developed World: A Review of the Literature. Pediatr Infect Dis J; 2013; 32 (3); e119-e127.

136. Madhi SA, Dittmer S, Kuwanda L, Venter M, Cassim H, Lazarus E, Thomas T, Liberty A, Treurnich F, Cutland CL, Weinberg A, Violari A. Efficacy and immunogenicity of influenza vaccine in HIV-infected children: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. AIDS. 2013; 27(3): 369-79.

137. Nunes MC, Madhi SA. Review of a new fully liquid, hexavalent vaccine: Hexaxim. Exp Opinion Bio Therapy. 2013; 13 (4): 575-93.

138. Nair H, Simoes EA, Rudan I, Gessner BD, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Zhang JS, Feikin DR, Mackenzie GA, Moisi JC, Roca A, Baggett HC, Zaman SM, Singleton RJ, Lucero MG, Chandran A, Gentile A, Cohen C, Krishnan A, Bhutta ZA, Arguedas A, Clara AW, Andrade AL, Ope M, Ruvinsky RO, Hortal M, McCracken JP, Madhi SA, Bruce N, Qazi SA, Morris SS, El Arifeen S, Weber MW, Scott JA, Brooks WA, Breiman RF, Campbell H. Global and regional burden of hospital admissions for severe acute lower respiratory infections in young children in 2010: a systematic analysis. Lancet. 2013: 381(9875): 1380-90. .

139. Madzivhandila M, Adrian PV, Cutland CL, Kuwanda L, Madhi SA. Distribution of pilus islands of group B streptococcus associated with maternal colonization and invasive disease in South Africa. J Med Microbiol. 2013; 62 (2): 249-53.

140. Boyles TH, Bamford C, Bateman K, Blumberg L, Dramowski A, Karstaedt A, Korsman S, le Roux DM, Maartens G, Madhi SA, Naidoo R, Nuttall J, Reubenson G, Taljaard J, Thomas J,  van Zyl G, von Gottberg A, Whitelaw A, Mendelson M. Guidelines for the management of acute meningitis in children and adults in South Africa. South Afr J Epidemiol Infect. 2013;28(1):5-15.

141. Madhi SA, Koen A, Cutland C, Groome M, Santos-Lima E. Antibody Persistence and Booster Vaccination of a Fully Liquid Hexavalent Vaccine Co-Administered with Measles/Mumps/Rubella and Varicella Vaccines at 15-18 Months of Age in Healthy South African Infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J; 2013; 32(8): 889-97.

142. Madhi SA, Izu A, Violari A, Cotton MF, Panchia R, Dobbels E, Sewraj P, van Niekerk N, Jean-Philippe P, Adrian PV. Immunogenicity following the first and second doses of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in HIV-infected and -uninfected infants. Vaccine. 2013; 31(5): 777-83.

143. von Gottberg A, Cohen C, de Gouveia L, Meiring S, Quan V, Whitelaw A, Crowther-Gibson P, Madhi SA, Whitney CG, Klugman KP. Epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in the pre-conjugate vaccine era: South Africa, 2003-2008. Vaccine. 2013; 31 (38): 4200-8.

144. Simani OE, Adrian PV, Violari A, Kuwanda L, Otwombe K, Nunes MC, Cotton MF, Madhi SA. Effect of in-utero HIV exposure and antiretroviral treatment strategies on measles susceptibility and immunogenicity of measles vaccine. AIDS. 2013; 27(10):1583-91.

145. Dangor Z, Izu A, Hillier K, Solomon F, Beylis N, Moore DP, Nunes MC, Madhi SA. Impact of the Antiretroviral Treatment Program on the Burden of Hospitalization for Culture-Confirmed Tuberculosis in South African Children: A Time-Series Analysis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013. 32(9): 972-7.

146. Nunes MC, Shiri T, van Niekerk N, Cutland CL, Groome MJ, Koen A, von Gottberg  A, de Gouveia L, Klugman KP, Adrian PV, Madhi SA. Acquisition of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine-Naive South African Children and Their Mothers. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013; 32(5): e192-e205.

147. Kwatra G, Madhi SA, Cutland C,  Buchmann E, Adrian PV.  Evaluation of Trans-Vag broth, CNA agar and CHROMagar StrepB for the detection of Group B Streptococcus in vaginal and rectal swabs from pregnant women in South Africa. J Clin Microb. 2013. 51(8): 2515-9.

148. Madhi SA, Dangor B, Heath PT, Schrag S, Izu A, Sobanjo-ter Meulen A,  Dull PM. Considerations for a Phase-III trial to evaluate a Group B Streptococcus polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine in pregnant women for the prevention of early- and late-onset invasive disease in young-infants. 2013. Vaccine. 31 (Suppl 4): D52-7.

149. Ditse Z, Adrian PV, Kuwanda L, Madhi SA. Association of Streptococcus pneumoniae common protein antibodies and pneumococcal nasopharyngeal colonization in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected African children. Vaccine. 2013. 31(40): 4421-7.

150. Madhi SA, Kuwanda L, Venter M, Violari A. Prospective cohort study comparing incidence of seasonal and H1N1(2009)-pandemic influenza virus illness in HIV-infected children during 2009. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013. In press (31 July 2013. Published ahead of press).

151. Cohen C, Moyes J, Tempia S, Groome M, Walaza S, Pretorius M, Dawood H, Chagan M, Haffejee S, Variava E, Kahn K, Tshangela A, von Gottberg A, Wolter N, Cohen AL, Kgokong B, Venter M, Madhi SA. Severe influenza-associated lower respiratory tract infection in a high HIV-prevalence setting-South Africa, 2009-2011. Emerg Infect Dis 2013, 19(11): 1766-74.

152. Nzenze SA, Shiri T, Nunes M.C, Klugman K.P, Kahn K, Twine R, de Gouveia L, von Gottberg A, Madhi S.A. Temporal changes in pneumococcal colonization in a rural-African community with high HIV-prevalence following routine infant pneumococcal-immunization. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013; 32(11): 1270-8.

153. Jones SA, Groome M, Koen A, van Niekerk N, Sewraj P, Mabunda X, Kuwanda L, Izu A, Adrian PV, Madhi SA. Immunogenicity of seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine administered at 6, 14 and 40 weeks of age in South African infants. PlosOne 2013. 8(8): e72794.

154. Msimang VM, Page N, Groome MJ, Moyes J, Cortese M, Seheri M, Kahn K, Chagan M, Madhi SA, Cohen C. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013. In Press (Aug 8: Published ahead of press).

155. Moyes J, Cohen C, Pretorius M, Groome M, von Gottberg A, Wolter N, Walaza S, Haffejee S, Chhagan M, Naby F, Cohen AL, Tempia S, Kahn K, Dawood H, Venter M, Madhi SA. Epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus-associated acute lower respiratory tract infection hospitalizations among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected South African children, 2010-2011. J Infect Dis. 2013. 2088 (Suppl 3): S217-26.

156. Pretorius MA, van Niekerk S; Tempia S; Cohen C, Madhi SA, Venter M. Replacement and positive evolution of subtype A and B Respiratory Syncytial Virus G-protein genotypes from 1997-2012 in South Africa. J Infect Dis. 2013. 208(Suppl3): S227-37.

157. Zar HJ, Madhi SA, Aston SJ, Gordon SB. Pneumonia in low and middle income countries: progress and challenges. Thorax. 2013; 68(11): 1052-6.

158. Nascimento-Carvalho CM, Madhi SA, O´Brien KL. Review of Guidelines for Evidence-based Management for Childhood Community-acquired Pneumonia from between Developed and Developing Countries. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013. 32(11): 1281-2.

159. Shiri T, Auranen K, Nunes MC, Adrian PV, van Niekerk N, de Gouveia L, von Gottberg A, Klugman KP, Madhi SA. Dynamics of pneumococcal transmission in vaccine-naïve children and their HIV-infected or HIV-uninfected mothers during the first two years of life" with the following category. Am J Epidemiol. 2013. 178(11):1629-37.

160. Cotton MF, Violari A, Otwombe K, Panchia R, Dobbels E, Rabie H, Josipovic D, Liberty A, Lazarus E, Innes S, van Rensburg AJ, Pelser W, Truter H, Madhi SA, Handelsman E, Jean-Philippe P, McIntyre JA, Gibb DM, Babiker AG. Early time-limited antiretroviral therapy versus deferred therapy in South African infants infected with HIV: results from the children with HIV early antiretroviral (CHER) randomised trial. Lancet. 2013. 382(9904): 1555-63.

161. Shiri T, Nunes MC, Adrian PV, Van Niekerk N, Klugman KP, Madhi SA. Interrelationship of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Staphylococcus aureus colonization within and between pneumococcal-vaccine naive mother-child dyads. BMC Infect Dis. 2013; 13(1):483.


162. Cheuvart B, Neuzil KM, Steele D.A, Cunliffe N, Madhi SA, Karkada N, Han H.H.,  Vinals C. Association of serum anti-rotavirus immunoglobulin A antibody seropositivity and protection against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis: analysis of clinical trials of human rotavirus vaccine. Hum Vacc Immuno. 2014. 10(2): (In press)

163. Wolter N, Cohen C, Tempia S, Madhi SA, Venter M, Moyes J, Walaza S, Malope Kgokong B, Groome M, du Plessis M, Pretorius M, Dawood H, Kahn K, Variava E, Klugman KP, von Gottberg A. HIV and Influenza Virus Infections Are Associated With Increased Blood Pneumococcal Load: A Prospective, Hospital-Based Observational Study in South Africa, 2009-2011. J Infect Dis; 2014: 1: 56-65.

164. Madhi SA, Kuwanda L, Venter M, Violari A. Prospective Cohort Study Comparing Seasonal and H1N1(2009) Pandemic Influenza Virus Illnesses in HIV-infected Children During 2009. Pediat Infect Dis J. 2014; 33(2): 174-6.


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